Istanbul, Turkey #3275


#3275 Istanbul, Turkey by JVPD
This June 16, 2000 image of Istanbul, Turkey show a full 60 by 60 km ASTER scene in the visible and infrared channels. Vegetation appears red, and urban areas blue-green. Bustling Istanbul, with its magnificent historical heritage, has spanned the divide between Europe and Asia for more than 2,500 years. Originally called Byzantium, the city was founded in the 7th century BC on the Golden Horn, an arm of the narrow Bosporus (also spelled Bosphorus) Strait, which connects the Sea of Marmara to the south, with the Black Sea to the north. Constantine I made it his capital of the Eastern Roman Empire in AD 330. As Constantinople, the strategically located city arose as the preeminent cultural, religious, and political center of the Western world. It reached the height of its wealth and glory in the early 5th century. After centuries of decline, the city entered another period of tremendous growth and prosperity when, as Istanbul, it became the capital of the Turkish Ottoman Empire in 1457. Although Turkey moved its capital to Ankara in 1923, Istanbul remains the nation's largest city with a population of over 8 million, its commercial center, and a major port. Two bridges spanning the Bosporus, and ships in the busy channel can be seen on the enlargement. On the image, the water areas have been replaced with a thermal image: colder waters are displayed in dark blue, warmer areas in light blue. Note the dark lines showing boat wakes, and the cold water entering the Sea of Marmara from deeper waters of the Bosporus.

Photo Credit: NASA/GSFC/METI/ERSDAC/JAROS, and U.S./Japan ASTER Science Team [0003-0701-0712-0918] by 0003

Similar Images:

#18782 Photo of a Class of Students at Hampton Institute, Studying Astronomy by JVPD
#2694 Mount Ararat, Turkey by JVPD
#3357 Bhuj and Anjar, India by JVPD
#3282 Philadelphia From Space by JVPD
#3596 Jerusalem and the Dead Sea by JVPD
#3345 Rann of Kachchh, India by JVPD
#2635 Ganges Plain by JVPD
#3316 Kachchh, Gujarat, India by JVPD
#3295 North Carolina Coast by JVPD
#3268 Cucharas Canyon and Spanish Peaks by JVPD
#3407 Salalah, Oman by JVPD
#3263 Pinon Canyon Region by JVPD
#2787 Flooded New Orleans by JVPD
#3277 Pinon Canyon Region by JVPD
more...
Historical Geography Photographs

Keywords

black sea, bosphorus strait, bosporus strait, geography, istanbul, istanbul turkey, jpl, nasa, sea of marmara, turkey